History of Melayus

Sha July 30, 2007 40

I’ve always been intrigued by history. I regretted not taking up this up seriously during my formative studying years and took up the ‘safe’ route instead.

I’m a boring engineer now who cracks lame engineer jokes like

Q: What do engineers use for birth control?
A: Their personalities.

Not funny right …

Anyway I was interested to find out more about the Malays. I pose myself this question always. “Where do I come from? or what is my calling in life”. Only when you know your past and take a closer look at the events of the past call history we may find the answers

It’s intriguing after hours of reading and research I might add. So there might be parts to this entries. I’ll just start with the basic of the Malays, their origin

Malays are seafaring people

For the clueless, I hope you can differentiate Malays and Melayus. Malays is in English language while Melayu is in Malay language. We’re 99% entirely Islam with Malaysia with the most bulk of Malays around with 12 millions in population. Singapore has about 600,000 Malays in total.

In fact our Malay roots are hotly contested and questioned these days as experts believe there’s no such race as Malays but we’re a new race that includes various ethnicity such as Thai, Orang Asli, Sabah and Sarawak indigenous people, Indian Muslims, Bugis, Bawean, Javanese, Thai and Achehnese.

Our roots can be traced back to Yunnan, China. The Jakun are seafaring people. These sea tribes people probably expanded to coastal Borneo (Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei), then into Sumatra (Indonesia) and then the Malay Penisula (Malaysia, Singapore)

The modern Singapore, Indons and Malaysians you see nowadays are infact the descendants of these Jakun mixed with modern Indian, Thai, Arab and Chinese blood. How cool is that. This is due to the Jakun nature of life trading and seafaring way of life throughout from China to Malay Penisula.

So basically we’ve a upward migratory route from south to north, although our roots are traced back to Yunnan, China


Jakun people

The Jakun people are sub-divided into two categories. One that is seafaring and the other is those the jungle types. They’re a branch of pre-Malay. Only after much mixing with the other tribes and races, do we get the formation of modern Malays.

They are aboriginal races of Malay Peninsula. Now the Malays now know the origin of the term ‘Jakun’. We use it to describe someone who is in confusion or hillbilly.

The migration

The original migration was said to start some 6,000 years ago in Southern China by the Jakuns. Then they moved to Taiwan, then into Phillipines (ever wondered why the Tagalog sounds like Malay, now you know). Then we moved into Borneo, some 4,500 years ago and we split into the various places such as Sulawesi, Sumatra and Jawa.

Our final migration to Malay Penisula was around 3,000 years ago. The remainder from Borneo moved into Vietnam. And part of these group was said to move to Kelantan, Malaysia later on. Confusing? Yes indeed …

Our culture and religion

Malays though now majority are Muslims, we are largely Hindus before the 15th century before the conversion. This is due to the influence of Hindu India, much due to the trading between the Archipelago and India.

Our Malay culture is entirely influenced by a mixture of various cultures like Siamese, Javanese, Sumatran, but largely Indians. That’s why you see some Hindu ritual still survive in Malay culture

Shocking truth

Did you know that the legendary Malay Hang Tuah, Hang Jebat, Hang Kasturi, Hang Lekiu, and Hang Lekir are probably Chinese. The ‘Hang’ refers to Hang Li Poh family descendant.

She’s a princess in the Chinese court Emperor Yongle of the Ming Dynasty married to the wife of Malacca’s Sultan Mansur Shah (reigning from 1456 to 1477). She came with 500 other female attendants, these attendants later on married the locals, thus you see Peranakan Baba Nyonya

Did you know that the famous Taiwanese singer Ah Mei can be considered a Malay too. Her tribe Alisan are the ancestors of the Malay, when the migration took place some 4,500 years ago. Ain’t we all inter-connected.

So all these shockers might seem that we’re indeed not a race itself but a melting pot of various races intertwined over the timespan of few thousands years by migrations and inter-marriages

Well it does not matter we’re not a race of rich in history such as the Arabs or English, but we’re still a race. A new modern race trying to better oneself. It’s an interesting journey so far for me finding out about my race, the Malays.

Hopefully today’s entry is an eye-opener. More entries on this in the future aite


40 Comments »

  1. Fadzuli July 30, 2007 at 1:34 am - Reply

    Could you cite your sources?

    • Uncle Sha August 4, 2007 at 2:23 pm - Reply

      various, wiki, newsletter, books … mainly by memory i’m jotting this entry down. so no quotes

      • Melayu Boleh May 20, 2009 at 10:30 am - Reply

        very interesting point of view and fact that you gather into this entry.

        I my self a Malay, same to both of my parent.

        May I speak in Malay?

        Jika kita lihat difinasi Melayu, salah satunya ialah satu bangsa yang mengamalkan bahasa Melayu dalam pertuturan, Mengamalkan adat dan budaya Orang Melayu, dan Beragama Islam.
        Itu adalah sebahagian perkara terpenting dalam definasi Melayu.
        dan selagi darah Melayu mengalir dalam diri seseorang (samada dari belah bapa atau ibu) dia tetap bangsa Melayu. Maknanya jika campuran Melayu dengan apa bangsa sekalipun baka yang terhasil tetap orang Melayu.

        dan Tanah Melayu merupakan satu negara Melayu yang bermula sejak Sultan Iskandar Shah (1402) mula mengamalkan pentadbiran Beraja Monarki dan mengistiharkan Melaka (Semenanjung Tanah Melayu) sebagai Negeri Berdaulat.

        Ianya merupakan kerajaan pertama di Tanah Melayu secara langsung menjadikan Tanah Melayu (pada ketika itu dikenali sebagai Melaka) sebuah Negara Melayu.

        Lengkap dengan pentadbiran yang sistematik dan teratur.
        Melaka secara perlahan menjadi sebuah pusat dagangan antarabangsa dan berkembang pesar apabila selat Melaka menjadi tumpuan pedagang dari Barat dan Timur.

        Sampai satu masa Portugis melihat Melaka begitu kaya dan berpotensi sebagai pusat ekonomi, geografi, politik dan agama maka satu serangan untuk menakluki Melaka telah dilancarkan pada tahun 1511.

        Melaka tewas pada tahun yang sama akibat leka dengan majuan dan kemewahan. Laksamana laut yg tidak bersedia, rasuah, khianat dan pentadbiran yang lemah menjadikan faktor kekalahan Melaka.

        Melaka terus menjadi rebutan kuasa-kuasa penjajah seperti Belanda (1641-1824), British (1824-1941), Jepun (1941-1945), British (1945-1957) sebelum Tanah Melayu Merdeka pada 31 Ogos 1957.

  2. Shahneeza July 30, 2007 at 1:37 am - Reply

    interesting although confusing.. so china actually belong to malay ..something like that?

    no wonder my so called malay friends are javanese la, boyanese la..end up all of us take malay as our mother tongue but none of our IC states “malay”. and malay being hindus? haha.. actually it makes sense cos our prophets not malays u see.. so it is rightfully wrong to say all malays are muslims even up till today…

    and i didnt know malay is Singapore’s national language…

    anyway, u very free ah research all this.. u should have taken up sociology or something..haha.. but now i know more abt malays..i can go and share this with my friends who are malays and tell them their ancestors come all the way from china.. now that will sound weird..

    • katak July 30, 2007 at 12:58 pm - Reply

      I think you’re confusing your ownself with your own conclusion :-P

      I don’t think Sha indicate that China belongs to the Malay because if it does, God knows what will happen to us all with all the greed.

      And judging from the way you wrote, nampak gaya macam tak pernah gi NE talk :-)

      • Shahneeza July 30, 2007 at 5:55 pm - Reply

        hahahahahhaha.. opps..salah baca.. sorry la katak oh katak.. Sha wrote “Our roots can be traced back to Yunnan, China”…not china belong to malays..

        kesian nyer..:-P i do attend NE talks in my schools only haha.. they talk abt religious harmony aje..

      • Uncle Sha August 4, 2007 at 2:28 pm - Reply

        we don’t have NE during my sch time … jealous I!

    • Uncle Sha August 4, 2007 at 2:26 pm - Reply

      our earliest roots is said to have started there, from the jakuns, evident who are still ard in these parts. one of the races that has mixed inter migration & marriages with the settlers from other far reaches nation who came to singapore, indon & malaya penisula then. thus melayu was borne. well thats what most so-called academics are saying

  3. asilah July 30, 2007 at 1:42 am - Reply

    hehehehehe HU.. yeah its funny how people stereotype or judge people by the colour of their skin or what not.. when infact everybody is all the same.. we are all one and equal.. and yeah.. i took a unit in Society, Culture, Ecology in South East Asia.. and i must say i thoroughly enjoyed it..

    It made explaining to my ang-moh friends why my elder brother looks indian, i look mixed-malay, my sister looks native and my little brother look chinese more easier because i had evidence to back up all my theories and prior knowledge to what i knew abt malay’s and its beginnings..

    I guess i am for ever searching where i am from.. and where i am at.. i am soo looking forward to other posts.. i loike… *thumbs up from me*

    P.S do u really crack those kinda jokes!? kwang kwang kwang..

    • Uncle Sha August 4, 2007 at 2:30 pm - Reply

      yes there might be distinction in our looks but our roots are inter-twined and related

      funny how someone calls another brother and another my enemy when they don’t even know their own history or the full story

      my other posts will have to wait, sch dah start … haiz

      • asilah August 5, 2007 at 1:52 am - Reply

        huahuahuahua.. yes yes.. my semester starts tomorrow.. mmmmm sorta looking forward to it.. doing all asian study units now… WOOOOOHOOOoooo… and one of them is Women in Asian Societies.. learning abt my Fore-mothers.. tehehhee.. goodluck and all the best with your semester hey!

  4. muneera July 30, 2007 at 11:45 am - Reply

    haha mcm terasa seh…

    anyway, ur engineer joke…i laughed so hard…i had to call abang in Austin and tell him. and all he said was “u wasted my minutes to them me that?”…apparently engineers dont find that joke too funny. HAHAHHAHAHAHHAHA

    HHAHHAHAHAH sorry, must laugh…HAHAHAHAHAHAHAHHAHA

    what an excellent birth control HAHAHAHAHHAHAHAH

    • Uncle Sha August 4, 2007 at 2:36 pm - Reply

      haha you did that! buang O2 jer lah kat ur bro! u cannot try that on an engineer. thumb of rule #1 – never ever try engineer jokes on an engineer. you’ll just get the look. keke

      • muneera August 4, 2007 at 3:25 pm - Reply

        hahaha i thought it was DAMN HILARIOUS so i had to call hi mand tell him abt it…and besides…his wife laughed her ass off and i just said “eh, u got NO room to laugh…u married him”

        they’ve been married 2 yrs…still no kids. how?

        • Uncle Sha August 4, 2007 at 3:33 pm - Reply

          haha you’re sporting! u really told him

          maybe they didnt ‘try’?

  5. Edroos July 30, 2007 at 12:08 pm - Reply

    Interesting stuff.. really..

    Hell I never thought that the Hangs might be chinese and Ah mei could be Malay?!?! Hahah… very interesting.. definitely an eye-opener

    • Uncle Sha August 4, 2007 at 2:39 pm - Reply

      indeed, shocked me too. we were brought up with an idea how certain things are just they way they are and this just shakes it all up

      and dont get me started on the conspiracy theories part …

  6. katak July 30, 2007 at 1:01 pm - Reply

    Hmm.. pahlawan pahlawan dahulukala yang berketurunan Cina sanggup menggadaikan nyawa demi Sultan, kerajaan dan negara..

    Of course, I don’t think the issue is same these days.. :-)

  7. katak July 30, 2007 at 1:02 pm - Reply

    Having said that, the modern Malays amcam, ada identiti tersendiri tak now ?

    • Uncle Sha August 4, 2007 at 2:50 pm - Reply

      ada … tapi tak bagus punya

      but i still have faith

  8. eyeshack July 30, 2007 at 4:31 pm - Reply

    yeah. i’ve read on Mastika also saying that A*Mei is technically a Malay, since the Malays in the Malay Archipelago and her tribe were from the same roots. interesting also to note that the race groups from as far away as South Africa, Madagascar, New Zealand (the Maoris) and the Hawaiians, are considered Malays as well! in fact, some of the words were so freaking similar!

    • Uncle Sha August 4, 2007 at 2:58 pm - Reply

      yes that freaked me out too

  9. myztika July 30, 2007 at 5:41 pm - Reply

    some years back, some of my frens thought i was joking when i told them that the malay race actually has its roots in china. guess they didn’t want to believe that we’re more similar than we actually think.

    silly ain’t it, all these racial categorizations? esp when there is strong evidence that the whole of human race originated in africa.

    heh, when i told my relatives abt hang tuah being chinese, they looked as me as though i’ve just spoken something blasphemous. =_= didn’t know abt A*Mei though, cool!

    yeah, do share ur sources! i’d like to dig deeper into this topic as well. :)

    • Uncle Sha August 4, 2007 at 3:01 pm - Reply

      to aptly say it, we all bleed, so we’re in all the same … hatred and marginalization is a learned behavior. so the next generation need to think for themselves

      yeah if you have info, do blog abt it too ok!

  10. teeshah July 30, 2007 at 8:31 pm - Reply

    it’d be interesting to find out my ancestry. but for a start i know my mum has a hint of chinese in her. because my maternal grandmother has got freckles.

    anyway, just to let ur friends here know that there’s actually many (maybe billions of them) prophets spread across the world except that they were not written in the quran. so there’s a possibility they’re of other races too. at least that was what my ustaz told me.

    • Uncle Sha August 4, 2007 at 3:06 pm - Reply

      i think that u need to digg ur family tree roots

      mine the best i could get from living relatives, i’m from indon! wak jawa ni! haha

      ur blog still password restricted? so mafan

  11. yanni July 30, 2007 at 10:19 pm - Reply

    wow so interesting lah malay history.. thank you for sharing with us.. no wonder my mom ever told me that my great grandparents for my mom side are a mixture of arab and baba nyonya. and my dad sides are a mixture of chinese and malays…. so thus yanni become multi-racial yanni.. but too bad some races are against my race despite of the same religion. :( hahaha!!! im a pyscho.. sad emoticon then i burst into laughter.. hahaha!

    • Uncle Sha August 4, 2007 at 3:08 pm - Reply

      good to know ur roots

      i’ll blog more if i have the time

  12. qiqi July 31, 2007 at 11:31 am - Reply

    tat make some part of u chinese? hmmmz

    • Uncle Sha August 4, 2007 at 3:10 pm - Reply

      could be … wo pu che tao *correct?

      this happen some 6500 years ago

  13. voeg July 31, 2007 at 10:14 pm - Reply

    R u kidding? It’s precisely because we’re this melting pot is why we ARE actually rich in culture, maybe even more than the Arabs or English. It depends on whether we’re able to accept our history or not. Currently most Malays or rather almost all Malays are Muslims, but we shld still be proud that we had and still have many traditions left behind by our Hindu Ancestors and other nonMuslim ancestors.

    • Uncle Sha August 4, 2007 at 3:13 pm - Reply

      i’m not saying i’m not proud of my history. i in whole am surprised by what the academics are saying about our roots but in whole its all logic and make sense but we do need our own new modern identity. would you like to be know as free loader and lazy bugger.

  14. Michael Chick October 2, 2007 at 8:18 pm - Reply

    Greetings, this is Michael Chick. Am glad you people found the information interesting.

    This is the original posting with the latest updates.
    BTW, you are incorrect on Hang Li Poh. She was never a Chinese Princess. T
    hese latest updates here will detail why.

    Please enjoy.

    It’s been interesting to read such free-flowing comments on an all “Malaysian” free for all. While we are on the subject, how many of you have read the book entitled “Contesting Malayness – Malay Identity Across Boundaries” Edited by Timothy P. Barnard published by Singapore University Press. (Read here for more and here and here )
    Written by a Professor of National University of Singapore. Cost S$32 (about). It reflects the Anthropologists views that there is no such race as the “Malays” to begin with. If we follow the original migration of the Southern Chinese of 6,000yrs ago, they moved into Taiwan, (now the Alisan), then into the Phillipines (now the Aeta) and moved into Borneo (4,500yrs ago) (Dayak). They also split into Sulawesi and progressed into Jawa, and Sumatera. The final migration was to the Malayan Peninsular 3,000yrs ago. A sub-group from Borneo also moved to Champa in Vietnam at 4,500yrs ago.

    Interestingly, the Champa deviant group moved back to present day Kelantan. There are also traces of the Dong Song and HoaBinh migration from Vietnam and Cambodia. To confuse the issue, there was also the Southern Thai migration, from what we know as Pattani today. (see also “Early Kingdoms of the Indonesian Archipelago and the Malay Peninsular”)

    Of course, we also have the Minangkabau’s which come from the descendants of Alexander the Great and a West Indian Princess. (Sejarah Melayu page 1-3)

    So the million Dollar Question… Is there really a race called the “Malays”? All anthropologists DO NOT SEEM TO THINK SO.

    Neither do the “Malays” who live on the West Coast of Johor. They’d rather be called Javanese. What about the west coast Kedah inhabitants who prefer to be known as “Achenese”? or the Ibans who simply want to be known as IBANS. Try calling a Kelabit a “Malay” and see what response you get… you’ll be so glad that their Head-Hunting days are over.

    In an article in the Star, dated: Dec 3rd 2006

    available for on-line viewing at:
    http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2006/12/3/focus/16212814&sec=focus

    An excerp is reproduced here below:

    “The Malays – taken as an aggregation of people of different ethnic backgrounds but who speak the same language or family of languages and share common cultural and traditional ties – are essentially a new race, compared to the Chinese, Indians and the Arabs with their long histories of quests and conquests.

    The Malay nation, therefore, covers people of various ethnic stock, including Javanese, Bugis, Bawean, Achehnese, Thai, orang asli, the indigenous people of Sabah and Sarawak and descendants of Indian Muslims who had married local women.

    Beneath these variations, however, there is a common steely core that is bent on changing the Malay persona from its perceived lethargic character to one that is brave, bold and ready to take on the world. ”

    The definition of “Malay” is therefore simply a collection of people’s who speak a similar type language. With what is meant by a similar type language does not mean that the words are similar. Linguists call this the “Lego-type” language, where words are added on to the root word to make meaning and give tenses and such. Somehow, the Indonesians disagree with this classification and insist on being called “Indonesians” even though the majority of “Malays” have their roots in parts of Indonesia? They refuse to be called “Malay”…. Anyhow you may define it.

    The writer failed to identify (probably didn’t know), that the “Malay” definition also includes, the Champa, Dong Song, HoabinHian, The Taiwanese Alisan and the Philippino Aetas. He also did not identify that the “Orang Asli” are (for lack of a better term) ex-Africans. If you try to call any one of our East Malaysian brothers an “Orang Asli”, they WILL BEAT YOU UP! I had to repeat this because almost all West Malaysians make the same mistake when we cross the South China Sea. Worse, somehow, they feel even more insulted when you call them “Malay”. Somehow, “kurang ajar” is uttered below their breath as if “Malay” was a really bad word for them. I’m still trying to figure this one out.

    Watch “Malays in Africa”; a Museum Negara produced DVD. Also, the “Champa Malays” by the same.

    With this classification, they MUST also include the Phillipinos, the Papua New Guineans, the Australian Aboroginies, as well as the Polynesian Aboroginies. These are of the Australo Melanesians who migrated out of Africa 60,000yrs ago.

    Getting interesting? Read on…

    “Malay” should also include the Taiwanese singer “Ah Mei” who is Alisan as her tribe are the anscestors of the “Malays”. And finally, you will need to define the Southern Chinese (Southern Province) as Malay also, since they are from the same stock 6,000yrs ago.

    Try calling the Bugis a “Malay”. Interestingly, the Bugis, who predominantly live on Sulawesi are not even Indonesians. Neither do they fall into the same group as the migrating Southern Chinese of 6,000yrs ago nor the Australo Melanesian group from Africa.

    Ready for this?

    The Bugis are the cross-breed between the Mongolian Chinese and the wandering Arab Pirates. (FYI, a runaway Ming Dynasty official whom Cheng Ho was sent to hunt down) Interestingly, the Bugis were career Pirates in the Johor-Riau Island areas. Now the nephew of Daeng Kemboja was appointed the First Sultan of Selangor. That makes the entire Selangor Sultanate part Arab, part Chinese! Try talking to the Bugis Museum curator near Kukup in Johor. Kukup is located near the most south-western tip of Johor. (Due south of Pontian Kechil)

    Let’s not even get into the Hang Tuah, Hang Jebat, Hang Kasturi, Hang Lekiu, and Hang Lekir, who shared the same family last name as the other super famous “Hang” family member… Hang Li Poh. And who was she? Legend tells us that she is the princess of a Ming Dynasty Emperor who was sent to marry the Sultan of Malacca. Won’t that make the entire Malacca Sultanate downline “Baba” ? Since the older son of the collapsed Malaccan Sultanate got killed in Johor, (the current Sultanate is the downline of the then, Bendahara) the only other son became the Sultan of Perak. Do we see any Chinese-ness in Raja Azlan? Is he the descendant of Hang Li Poh? But wait a minute….

    That’s what legend says. Let’s look at the proof. The solid evidence. There is a well next to the Zheng He Temple in Malacca which is supposed to be the well built by the Sultan of Malacca for her. According to legend, anyone who drinks of it shall re-visit Malacca before they die. Hmmm smells like a romantic fairy tale already. But let’s look at who Hang Li Poh actually is. Which Ming Emperor was she a daughter to? So I got into researching the entire list of Ming Emperors. Guess what? Not a single Ming Emperor’s last name begins with Hang. In fact, all their last names begin with Tzu (pronounced Choo). So who is Hang Li Poh? An Extra Concubine? A Spare Handmaiden? Who knows? But one thing for certain, is that she was no daughter of any of the Ming Emperors. Gone is the romantic notion of the Sultan of Malacca marrying an exotic Chinese Princess. Sorry guys, the Sultan married an unidentified Chinese commoner.

    Next question. If the Baba’s are part Malay, why have they been marginalized by NOT BEING BUMIPUTERA? Which part of “Malay” are they not? Whatever the answer, why then are the Portugese of Malacca BUMIPUTERA? Did they not come 100yrs AFTER the arrival of the first Baba’s? Parameswara founded Malacca in 1411. The Portugese came in 1511, and the Dutch in the 1600’s. Strangely, the Baba’s were in fact once classified a Bumiputera, but some Prime Minister decreed that they were to be strangely “declassified” in the 1960’s. WHY? How can a “native son of the soil” degenerate into an “un-son”? The new classification is “pendatang” meaning a migrant. Wait a minute, isn’t EVERYONE on the Peninsular a migrant to begin with?

    The Sultan of Kelantan had similar roots to the Pattani Kingdom making him of Thai origin. And what is this “coffee table book” by the Sultan of Perlis claiming to be the direct descendant of the prophet Muhammed? Somehow we see Prof Khoo Khay Khim’s signature name on the book. I’ll pay good money to own a copy of it myself. Anyone has a spare?

    Inpersuing this thread, and having looked at the history of Prophet Muhammed (BTW, real name Ahmad) we couldn’t figure out which descendant line The Sultan of Perlis was. Perhaps it was by the name Syed, which transcended. Then we would ask which of the 13 official wives named in the Holy Koran? or was he a descendant from the other 23 names of the non-wives? Of the 13 were (at least known) 3 Israeli women. Then you would also ask yourself, isn’t Prophet Muhammad an Israeli himself? The answer is clear. All descendants of Moses are Israeli. In fact, the Holy Koran teaches that Moses was the First Muslim. Thus confirming all descendants to be Israeli, including Jesus and Prophet Muhammad. It is also found in Sura 2:58&59 which specifically mentions that the Torah and the Kitab (Bible) are Holy Words of Allah. But since this is not a religious discussion, let’s move on to a more anthropological approach.

    So, how many of you have met with orang Asli’s? the more northern you go, the more African they look. Why are they called Negrito’s? It is a Spanish word, from which directly transalates “mini Negros”. The more southern you go, the more “Indonesian” they look. And the ones who live at Cameron Highlands kinda look 50-50. You can see the Batek at Taman Negara, who really look like Eddie Murphy to a certain degree. Or the Negritos who live at the Thai border near Temenggor Lake (north Perak). The Mah Meri in Carrie Island look almost like the Jakuns in Endau Rompin. Half African, half Indonesian.

    By definition, (this is super eye-opening) there was a Hindu Malay Empire in Kedah. Yes, I said right… The Malays were Hindu. It was, by the old name Langkasuka. Today known as Lembah Bujang. This Hindu Malay Empire was 2,000yrs old. Pre-dating Borrobudor AND Angkor Watt. Who came about around 500-600yrs later. Lembah Bujang was THE mighty trading empire, and its biggest influence was by the Indians who were here to help start it. By definition, this should make the Indians BUMIPUTERAS too since they were here 2,000yrs ago! Why are they marginalized?

    Of the 3 books listed, “Contesting Malayness” (about S$32 for soft cover) is “banned” in Malaysia; you will need to “smuggle” it into Malaysia; for very obvious reasons…. :( or read it in Singapore if you don’t feel like breaking the law.

    The other, “Kingdoms of the Indonesian Archipelago, and the Malay Peninsular” (about RM84) are openly sold at all leading bookshops; Kinokuniya, MPH, Borders, Popular, Times, etc. You should be able to find a fair bit of what I’ve been quoting in this book too, but mind you, it is very heavy reading material, and you will struggle through the initial 200+ pages. It is extremely technical in nature. Maybe that’s why it wasn’t banned (yet)…coz our authorities couldn’t make head or tail of it? (FYI, if I wasn’t doing research for my film, I wouldn’t have read it in its entirety)

    While the “Sejarah Melayu” (about RM 35) is available at the University Malaya bookshop. I have both the English and Royal Malay version published by MBRAS.

    Incidentally, the Professor (Author) was invited to speak on this very subject about 2 yrs ago, in KL, invited by the MBRAS. You can imagine the “chaos” this seminar created…… :(

    There were actually many sources for these findings. Any older Philippino Museum Journal also carries these migration stories. This migration is also on display at the Philippines National Museum in Luzon. However, they end with the Aeta, and only briefly mention that the migration continued to Indonesia and Malaysia, but fully acknowledge that all Philippinos came from Taiwan. And before Taiwan, China. There is another book (part of a series) called the “Archipelago Series” endorsed by Tun Mahatir and Marina Mohammad, which states the very same thing right at the introduction on page one. “… that the Malays migrated out of Southern China some 6,000yrs ago…”. I believe it is called the “Pre-History of Malaysia” Hard Cover, about RM99 found in (mostly) MPH. They also carry “Pre-History of Indonesia” by the same authors for the same price.

    It is most interesting to note that our Museum officials invented brand new unheard-of terms such as “Proto-Malay” and “Deutero-Malay”, to replace the accepted Scientific Term, Australo-Melanesians (African descent) and Austronesians (Chinese Descent, or Mongoloid to be precise) in keeping in line with creating this new “Malay” term.. They also created the new term called the Melayu-Polynesian. (Which Melayu exists in the Polynesian Islands?) Maybe they were just trying to be “Patriotic” and “Nationalistic”… who knows…? After all, we also invented the term, “Malaysian Time”. While the rest of the world calls it “Tardy” and “Late”. It’s quite an embarrassment actually…. Singaporeans crossing the border are asked to set their watches back by about 100yrs, to adjust to “Malaysian Time”…

    In a nutshell, the British Colonial Masters, who, for lack of a better description, needed a “blanket” category for ease of classification, used the term “Malay”.

    The only other logical explanation, which I have heard, was that “Malaya” came as a derivative of “Himalaya”, where at Langkasuka, or Lembah Bujang today was where the Indians were describing the locals as “Malai” which means “Hill People” in Tamil. This made perfect sense as the focal point at that time was at Gunung Jerai, and the entire Peninsular had a “Mountain Range” “Banjaran Titiwangsa”, as we call it.

    The Mandarin and Cantonese accurately maintain the accurate pronunciation of “Malai Ren” and “Malai Yun” respectively till this very day. Where “ren” and “yun” both mean “peoples”.

    Interestingly, “Kadar” and “Kidara”, Hindi and Sanskrit words accurately describe “Kedah” of today. They both mean “fertile Land for Rice cultivation. Again, a name given by the Indians 2,000yrs ago during the “Golden Hindu Era” for a duration of 1,500yrs.

    It was during the “Golden Hindu Era” that the new term which the Hindu Malay leaders also adopted the titles, “Sultan” and “Raja”. The Malay Royalty were Hindu at that time, as all of Southeast Asia was under strong Indian influence, including Borrobudor, and Angkor Watt. Bali today still practices devout Hindu Beliefs. The snake amulet worn by the Sultans of today, The Royal Dias, and even the “Pelamin” for weddings are tell-tale signs of these strong Indian influences. So, it was NOT Parameswara who was the first Sultan in Malaya. Sultanage existed approximately 1,500years before he set foot on the Peninsular during the “Golden Hindu Era” of Malaysia. And they were all Hindu.

    “PreHistory of Malaysia” also talks about the “Lost Kingdom” of the “Chi-Tu” where the local Malay Kingdom were Buddhists. The rest of the “Malays” were Animistic Pagans.

    But you may say, “Sejarah Melayu” calls it “Melayu”? Yes, it does. Read it again; is it trying to describe the 200-odd population hamlet near Palembang by the name “Melayu”?(Google Earth will show this village).

    By that same definition, then, the Achehnese should be considered a “race”. So should the Bugis and the Bataks, to be fair. Orang Acheh, Orang Bugis, Orang Laut, Orang Melayu now mean the same… descriptions of ethnic tribes, at best. And since the “Malays” of today are not all descendants of the “Melayu” kampung in Jambi (if I remember correctly), the term Melayu has been wrongly termed. From day one. Maybe this is why the Johoreans still call themselves either Bugis, or Javanese until today. So do the Achehnese on the West coast of Kedah & Perlis and the Kelantanese insist that they came from Champa, Vietnam.

    Morover, the fact that the first 3 pages claiming that “Melayu” comes from Alexander the Great and the West Indian Princess doesn’t help. More importantly, it was written in 1623. By then, the Indians had been calling the locals “Malai” for 1,500 yrs already. So the name stuck….

    And with the Sejarah Melayu (The Malay Annals in page 1-3) naming the grandson of Iskandar Zulkarnain, and the West Indian Princess forming the Minangkabau. Whenever a Malay is asked about it, he usually says it is “Karut” (bullshit), but all Malayan based historians insist on using Sejarah Melayu as THE main reference book for which “Malay” history is based upon. The only other books are “Misa Melayu”, “Hikayat Merong Mahawangsa”, and “Hikayat Hang Tuah” which is of another long and sometimes “heated” discussion.

    I find this strange.

    I also find, that it is strange that the “Chitti’s” (Indian+Malay) of Malacca are categorized as Bumiputera, while their Baba brothers are not. Why? Both existed during the Parameswara days. Which part of the “Malay” side of the Baba’s is not good enough for Bumiputera classification? Re-instate them. They used to be Bumiputera pre 1960’s anyway.

    Instead of “Malay”, I believe that “Maphilindo” (circa 1963) would have been the closest in accurately trying to describe the Malays. However, going by that definition, it should most accurately be “MaphilindoThaiChinDiaVietWanGreekCamfrica”. And it is because of this; even our University Malaya Anthropology professors cannot look at you in the eye and truthfully say that the word “Malay” technically and accurately defines a race.

    This is most unfortunate.

    So, in a nutshell, the “Malays” (anthropologists will disagree with this “race” definition) are TRULY ASIA !!! For once the Tourism Ministry got it right….

    We should stop calling this country “Tanah Melayu” instead call it, “Tanah Truly Asia”

    You must understand now, why I was “tickled pink” when I found out that the Visit Malaysia slogan for 2007 was “Truly Asia”. They are so correct… (even though they missed out Greece and Africa)

    BTW, the name UMNO should be changed to UTANO the new official acronym for “United Truly Asia National Organization” . After all, they started out as a Bugis club in Johor anyway….

    I told you all that I hate race classifications…. This is so depressing. Even more depressing is that the “malays” are not even a race; not since day one.

    “Truly Asia Boleh”

    • Uncle Sha October 3, 2007 at 9:48 am - Reply

      wow Micheal, that’s englightening!

      Thanks for sharing

      I think it’s good to know your past and origin for we can learn alot of it

      I hope you’ll post more of such entries

  15. vamsla September 10, 2008 at 11:45 pm - Reply

    To all of you who search for your origin,
    Amazing research and insightful thoughts.

    • Uncle Sha January 3, 2009 at 2:09 pm - Reply

      Hi

      Thanks for dropping by and commenting

  16. Kentaro Miura November 12, 2009 at 4:47 pm - Reply

    I was so stressfull because why do we have to marginalized our self instead we..the human are all the we came from the same root..we just being divided by the continent when the land on the earth started to move around over 4 billion years ago…and AHA…divided us into blablah races…whutever we are now.then came the civilizations and wars,greediness and many more to come…so lets unite and forget about races and work harder to make the world peaceful and better place to live..

    :8)

  17. rizal February 27, 2010 at 6:52 pm - Reply

    Saya percaya kepada konsep Maphilindo; definisi perlembagaan Malaysia yang mengatakan bangsa MELAYU mestilah beragama Islam adalah suatu definisi yang salah; agama dan bangsa adalah dua perkara yang berasingan.

    MELAYU adalah generik; jadi melayu adalah terdiri dari orang Kelantan, Kedah, Trengganu, Acheh, Bugis, Jawa, Tagalog, Illakano, Tausug, Dayak, Dusun, Champa, peribumi Taiwan, peribumi Madagaskar dll.

    Ianya seperti juga dengan orang2 Cina yg terdiri dari pelbagai sub-etnik; Fuchaow, Han, Kanton, Hakka, Hokkien dan lain2. Jadi CINA sendiri adalah generik.

    Sebab itulah nusantara ini disebut MALAY ARCHIPELAGO….

    Berkaitan bahasa melayu yang diguna pakai di Indonesia dan Malaysia; memanglah ianya sangat dipengaruhi oleh bahasa Sanskrit disebabkan pengaruh agama Buddha dan Hindu yang datang dari India; tetapi kita tidak boleh mengatakan orang India sebagai bumipurta kerana mereka membawa pengaruh mereka ke sini.

    Kita mesti ingat, agama dari India seperti Buddha juga telah sampai ke China, Korea dan Jepun. Adakah wajar kita mengatakan orang India juga peribumi di China, Korea dan Jepun.
    Seperkara lagi; bahasa Siam dan bahasa Burma juga banyak dipengaruhi oleh bahasa sanskrit dari India yang mereka perolehi apabila mereka memeluk Buddha.

  18. halytobe May 16, 2010 at 10:30 am - Reply

    Melayu tidak berasal dari China tetapi dari Asia tenggara. Tempat asal manusia dari Afrika timur kemudian berhijrah ke Asia Tenggara pada 30,000 tahun dahulu. Waktu ini zaman Ice Age. Pada masa dulu asia tenggara adalah satu daratan besar (continent). Daratan ini dipanggila SUNDALAN.

    Sundalan inilah tempat bermulanya ketamadunan. Mengapa? Kerana telah wujud satu tamadun yang maju bernama Lemuria dan Atlantis. Waktu ini memang sudah sangat maju tetapi akibat banjir besar pada 7000-10,000 BC, sebahagian Sundalan tenggelam dan tinggallah peta Malaysia, Indonesia, Filpina seperti peta skrg.

    Saki baki yang terselamat dari banjir besar nilah yang mewujudkan tamadun Maya, Egypt, dan lain2.

    Teori oleh Prof Arysio Nunes Dos Santos dari Brazil.

    Google key2 ini.

    Sundalan
    Atlantis Indonesia
    Book of Mormon Malay Theory
    Lost Tribe of Isreal
    MistisFile Altar Terahsia Bangsa Melayu
    King’s Solomon Mine Gunung Ledang

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